Over a 39 year period, James Brown amassed an amazing total of 98 entries on Billboard's top 40 R&B singles Charts, a record unsurpassed by any other artist. Seventeen on them reached number one, a feat topped only by Stevie Wonder and Louis Jordan, and equaled only by Aretha Franklin.
Brown's rise from juvenile
delinquent to Soul Brother Number One is among the great modern day American
success stories. The only child of a poor backwoods family, he was sent
to Augusta, Georgia at age five to live
at an aunt's brothel. He earned his keep by running errands for soldiers at nearby Camp Gordon, entertaining them with his buckdancing and enticing them into his aunt's establishment. Singing gospel music and playing piano, drums, and guitar served as an emotional outlet for the young Brown.
In 1952, Brown settled
in Georgia and joined the Gospel Starlighters, a quartet led by Bobby Byrd.
Theirs was a raw southern gospel style inspired by Julius Cheeks and the
Sensational Nightingales and Reverend Reuben Willingham and the Swanee
Quintet. Eventually, however, the Starlighters evolved into a rhythm and
blues outfit. They were originally
known as the Avons, them as the Flames.
In November 1955, while
based in Macon, Georgia, the Flames cut a demonstration record at radio
station WIBB of an original tune titled "Please, Please, Please". While
passing through Atlanta, record producer Ralph Bass heard the demo and
was so impressed with Brown's impassioned lead and the group's hard harmonies
that he immediately
drove to Macon and signed them to King Records, a Cincinnati company for which two of the Flames' favorite groups,
the Midnighters and the 5 Royales, were recording. A session was held in Ohio the following week.
Released on King's Federal label two months later, in March of 1956, "Please, Please, Please" reached Number Five on the Billboard's R&B chart.
Brown's boyhood dream
of escaping poverty was not immediately realized, however. Although he
and the Flames continued to make records for Federal, it would be nearly
three years before they again hit the national
charts. "Try Me", produced by Andy Gibson, hit big during the winter of 1958-59, giving the group its first Number One R&B record and enabling Brown to hire a steady backup band. Through grueling rehearsals and
barnstorming onenighters, Brown developed the band into the hottest R&B unit in the land. His musicians' precision timing was geared to accent every blood curling scream, every flying split, every knee drop, every one-legged skate, and every shimmy of Brown's stunning array of acrobatics, which be now had become the visual trademark of the group's
While he continued scoring
hit singles during the early 1960's, now issued on the King Label, Brown
came up with the idea that if the hysteria he was generating in person
could be captured on an album, people who hadn't
seen him yet could at least hear and feel the excitement of him screaming and hollering until his back got soaking wet. King Records was convinced that such an album wouldn't sell, so Brown put up his own money to
record a performance at the Apollo Theater in October 1962. Released nearly a year later, Live At The Apollo went to Number Two on Billboard's album chart, an unprecedented feat for a live R&B album. Radio stations played it with a frequency formerly reserved for singles, and attendance at Brown's concerts mushroomed.
Brown scored his first Top 10 pop single in 1965 with "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag", and the hits kept coming for the next decade, one after another at an unheard-of rate. He gradually phased out the Flames, and the gospel and blues structure of his early records gave way to open-ended vamps that emphasized his rhythmically riveting sandpaper vocals and the complex funk syncopations of his band. His innovations during this period had a profound influence on popular music styles around the world, including fund, rock, Afro-pop, disco and eventually rap.
James Brown's status as "The Godfather Of Soul" remains undiminished. Indeed, he has picked up a new generation of fans who have become familiar with his funk grooves through their frequent use as samples on rap records. A charter member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Brown added to his collections of accolades when he received a special lifetime achievement Grammy Award in 1992.